Bulbonaricus brauni (Braun’s pughead pipefish) is a species of marine fish of the family Syngnathidae. It is found in the Eastern Indian Ocean, from Indonesia to Western Australia, and off the Ryukyu Islands of Japan. It lives among coral reefs at depths of 1-10m, and can grow to lengths of 5.5 cm. This species is ovoviviparous, with the males carrying eggs in a brood pouch until they hatch. The specific name honours “the collector” Mr J. Braun who brought the living holotype to the Western Australia Museum.
Braun's Pughead Pipefish, Pug-headed Pipefish |
Government evidence of impact of climate change:
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IUCN Red List Assessment, Bulbonaricus brauni
Coral reefs in the region; including Galaxea astreata; are undergoing ongoing declines as a result of coastal development; pollution; destructive fishing; and climate change.
Threats (see Appendix for additional information) This species is under threat from loss of coral reef habitat due to coastal development and pollution (Knowlton 2001); destructive fishing practices (Hodgson 1999); and the effects of climate change (Bruno and Selig 2007; Carpenter et al. 2008).
Populations would likely benefit from global efforts to mitigate climate change.
One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts.