The species is found in northern Australia from Cape York Peninsula through north-west Queensland and the north of the Northern Territory to the Kimberley Region of Western Australia. Genetic analyses of mitochondrial markers provides no evidence for population structuring across the species range and indicates that there is one continuous genetic population in the west, while nuclear markers indicate contemporary gene flow from the Kimberley to the Northern Territory. In Queensland there are no recent breeding records. However, since 2005 birds have been sighted on at least three sites on Cape York Peninsula, on the Atherton Tablelands, and at several sites in and around Boodjamulla National Park. In the Northern Territory there are recent breeding records at well-known sites in the Yinberrie Hills and Newry, as well as at Wollogorang and near Maningrida. In the Kimberley, small breeding populations of up to 120 adults each are known from the east, the centre, and west to Dampierland.
Gouldian Finch |
Status: Endangered on the EPBC Act list
Government evidence of impact of climate change:
Australian Government, Conservation Advice, Erythrura gouldiae
Threats Vegetation change through altered fire regimes and grazing by introduced herbivores are the factors most likely to have caused past declines; and to be preventing recovery; in Gouldian finch populations (O Malley 2006 Legge et al.; 2015).