Spine-Bellied Seasnake  |  

Hydrophis curtus


Hydrophis curtus, also known as Shaw’s Sea Snake, short sea snake, but often includes Hydrophis hardwickii is a species of sea snake. Like all Hydrophiinae sea snakes, it is a viviparous, fully marine, and front fanged elapid that is highly venomous. It is collected for a variety of purposes including human and animal food, for medicinal purposes and for their skin. This species is characterized by a wide variation in number of ventral scales and degree of parietal scale fragmentation. Both sexes possess spiny scales along their bodies but males have more highly developed spines. This sexual dimorphism in spines may play a role in courtship or in locomotion by reducing drag.

Government evidence of impact of climate change:

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  • IUCN Red List Assessment, Hydrophis curtus

    All sea snakes are vulnerable to indirect threats from habitat loss and climate change throughout their range.